Spray Booth Design
Spray Boot Research
A quick Google search turns up a bunch of designs for DIY spray booths as well as a number of commercially available booths.
This is just a short list.
The 7 Best Airbrush Spray Booth Reviews and Buying Guide
6 Best Airless Paint Sprayers 2020 Reviews & Buying Guide
The 5 Best Spray Paint For Plastic Reviews and Buying Guide
12 Best Airbrush Compressor 2020 Reviews & Buying Guide
The 7 Best Paint Sprayers Reviews and Buying Guide
Makezine: Build an Easy and Cheap Tabletop Spray Booth
unearthed a ton of builds, most based on the same basic design.
YouTube: How I build a FoamCore Hobby Spray Booth for under $200
Spray Boot Design Goals
After studying the designs above the basic parameters for my design became:
Table top: Designed to fit on top of an existing folding card table. Limits outside dimensions to roughly 30in x 30in.
Lightweight. Have to be able to move it to/from storage in different locations. Rules out particle board designs.
Passing threw doorways without scraping hands limits height. I used 24 in height based on my original cardboard design.
Exhaust fan to control spray mist fallout. Possible to add ducting for external exhaust later on.
Needs to be lighted. Can't depend on room lighting to clearly see the parts being painted inside the booth.
No exotic components. Use readily available, inexpensive, parts and supplies for a reproducible design.
Simple fabrication methods. I almost met this one - for simplicity, the fan mount was CNC fabricated.
Turntable to allow rotating parts being painted without touching them.
Resulting Spray Boot Design
Spray booth on top of card table.
Close up of booth, filter partially slid out to show fan bay.
||Left: closeup of fan bay.
Above: rear of spray booth showing fan bay and filter.
If needed a shroud could be bolted onto the rear of the fan bay to allow feeding the exhaust to a hose and external vent.
Showing light bar mounted at front of top edge.
Light Bar lit up, brightness tends to wash out other details.
Spray Boot Design - Construction Details
Choice of Material: A
number of the articles I referenced above talked about a corrugated
plastic material similar to corrugated cardboard. Where I am in NJ, it
is available in white, 4ft x 8ft sheets, .157in thick, from both Home
Depot (they carry Coroplast Brand) and Lowes (who carries Plaskolite Brand) at a cost of about $20/sheet. If
you don't have a pickup truck, or a large Van, you'll need a straight
edge and a utility knife to cut it up into smaller pieces at the store.
It cut's easily, just make sure you have a new blade in the utility
knife. I've provided a cutting diagram (you can download a copy to
print out & bring with you to the store).
Remember: Measure twice, cut once!
Cutting Diagram: There
are two sets of drawings for the cutting diagram. The first describes
the set of cuts needed to turn the full panel into pieces small enough
to fit into your vehicle.
|First Set of Cuts of the Full Sheet||Second Set of Cuts on 60 x 48 Piece |
|At this point you have 5 pieces of plastic. Two Pieces 30x30, one piece each: 60x18, 48x20 and 48x16.|
You should be able to fit these into your vehicle to take home. (Presuming it's easier to work there instead of at the store!)
The next set of drawings cuts those into the pieces needed to assemble the booth.
Major Components: There are a number of components I've illustrated in the pictures in addition to the plastic frame of the booth:
I was originally going to re-use some existing under the counter
fluorescent lights but I was not happy with the amount of light that I
could get from a standard 15w fluorescent simply was not bright
enough. [I'm old, as you get older you need a brighter level of
lighting]. I finally settled on an under counter LED lighting strip from LEDsupply. I chose the
R6060-IP20-CW-03, a Non Waterproof, IP20, 60LEDs/M, 3ft length, 12 volt,
cool white led strip, and it's matching, angled mounting bracket
14.4 W/m the light strip will require 1.2 amps @ 12 volts. The Light
Bar and mounting track cost
$27.50 + shipping.Exhaust Fan(s):
The articles cited above call out a number of different fans. I tend to
disassemble technology items, like computers, that I'm throwing away.
As a result, I've accumulated a supply of 80mm square, 12volt, exhaust
fans. They are common in desktop computers and other electronic
devices. The fans can share the same 12 volt power supply that the
Light Bar uses. I used 4 of them on the back edge of the spray booth.
Mine all came from different suppliers, all used less than .2 amps so
the total current draw for the set of 4 will be less than .8 amps. You
can find this type of fan available from suppliers like DigiKey for as
little as $1.50 each.Power Supply:
for Light & Fans: I had an open frame (that means exposed wiring!)
12volt power supply that could produce 3.4 amps. More than enough for
the Light bar (1.2 amps) and the Fans (.8 anps) together. Led Supply
sells a 35watt 12 volt power supply for about $12 (combine shipping
with the light bar!). Other internet suppliers offer similar units for
$6 + shipping. Adhesive: There are a number of ways to hold together the corrugated
plastic panels. While Cyanoacrylate (Crazy Glue) works on a surface to
surface bond it has poor adhesion bonding cut edge to surface. [I tried
it :-( ]
wound up using GE Clear 100% silicone caulk. As advertised, it sticks
to anything, so you have to be careful when applying it. See my notes
in assembly below. While it comes in small tubes (2.8
oz ~$4) I found it easier to apply from a caulking gun and used almost
a full 10.1 oz cartridge (~$7 for the caulk, ~$8 for a gun if you need
one) for the complete assembly!Miscellaneous: you
are going to have an Air Compressor and the Power Supply for the lights
& fans. Consider adding a switched outlet strip so you can
conveniently turn them on & off. Alternatively, add in-line
switches to their power cords.
you are not familiar
with finishing/painting 3D Printed Parts see the following youtube.com
video tutorials posted by MakerBot:
interesting tutorials you might find useful include: